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So, for European countries,
most of them imported labor after World War II
because of the need to bring in manpower
because of how much they had lost during the war.
But most countries in Europe actually imported labor up until the early 1970s.
They stopped the importation in the early 1970s because of the economic
crisis that occurred at that time period with the oil crisis and so on.
However, even though they stopped immigration,
immigration continued because of the fact that immigrants
who were in the countries actually had a right to family reunification.
And so, you don't see really a decline very much
in the immigrants that were coming into the countries.
However, Europe never really developed the kinds of
quota systems and preferences that we have in the U.S.,
except for maybe in the U.K., and so they didn't really have
a strong approach to skilled migration as we did here.
And it's only been in the last 10 years
or so that Europe has started to put more for of a focus
on skilled immigration. And so, in that time period, some countries
have increased their skilled immigration, while others, like Germany,
have only had moderate success in importing skilled workers --
very small compared to, for example, what we have here in the U.S.
And so Europe hasn't really had a comprehensive approach to immigration
like we have here in the U.S.,
partially because they don't consider themselves countries of immigration.
And really the focus is more on just broader immigration control,
which has actually, in a country like Germany,
been relatively successful compared to the U.S.
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