Highlight text to annotate itX
All About Christianity
Christianity (from the Ancient Greek word Christos, a translation of the Hebrew Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", together with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas) is a monotheistic religion based on the life and oral teachings of Jesus as presented in the New Testament
Christianity is the world's largest religion, with approximately 2.2 billion adherents, known as Christians
Most Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God, fully divine and fully human, and the saviour of humanity whose coming was prophesied in the Old Testament
Consequently, Christians refer to Jesus as Christ or the Messiah.
The foundations of Christian theology are expressed in ecumenical creeds
These professions of faith state that Jesus suffered, died, was buried, and was resurrected from the dead in order to grant eternal life to those who believe in him and trust in him for the remission of their sins
The creeds further maintain that Jesus bodily ascended into heaven, where he reigns with God the Father
Most Christian denominations teach that Jesus will return to judge everybody, living and dead, and to grant eternal life to his followers
He is considered the model of a virtuous life
His ministry, crucifixion, and resurrection are often referred to as the "gospel", meaning "good news" (a loan translation of the )
The term gospel also refers to written accounts of Jesus's life and teaching, four of which the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John are considered canonical and included in Christian Bibles.
Christianity is an Abrahamic religion that began as a Jewish sect in the mid-1st century
Originating in the Levant region of the Middle East, it quickly spread to Syria, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, and Egypt
It grew in size and influence over a few centuries, and by the end of the 4th century had become the official state church of the Roman Empire, replacing other forms of religion practiced under Roman rule
During the Middle Ages, most of the remainder of Europe was Christianized, and adherents were gained in the Middle East, North Africa, Ethiopia, and parts of India
Following the Age of Discovery, Christianity spread to the Americas, Australasia, sub-Saharan Africa, and the rest of the world through missionary work and colonization
Christianity has played a prominent role in the shaping of Western civilization.
Worldwide, the three largest groups of Christianity are the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and the various denominations of Protestantism
The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox patriarchates split from one another in the schism of the 11th century, and Protestantism came into existence during the Reformation of the 16th century, splitting from the Roman Catholic Church.