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Maarouf Al Rusafi
The Iraqi poet, Maarouf son of Abdul Ghani Al Baghdadi Al Rusafi
He was born in Baghdad in the year 1875 he grew up and studied there in Quranic schools
He then entered the Rashidiya Military School
Which he left turning towards Islamic schools to take religious, literary and linguistic education
In addition to science of thought and logic by the scholar Mahmoud Chokri Al Allusi
Who gave him the name in attribute to Sheikh Al Karkhi, known for piety and righteousness in the locality of Rusafa
Rusafi went from being a student to a teacher
Teaching in Rashidiya elementary school and Preparatory school in Baghdad.
With the announcement of the Ottoman constitution in the year 1908
Rusafi was summoned to Istanbul to work for the Turkish Ikdam newspaper which was issued in Arabic
After a short period of time he left the newspaper and turned to teaching the Arabic language in Al Shahaniya College
Also writing in the Irshad magazine.
In Rusafi’s presence in Istanbul he was elected as a member of the council envoy in the years 1912 and 1914
And with the outbreak of World War I
He was entrusted with the teaching of public speaking in the preacher’s school belonging to the of religious endowments
At the end of the war the road to Iraq was not facilitated
So Maarouf Rusafi headed to Damascus and from there to Jerusalem
There he conducted the teachings of Arabic literature in Dar Al Moalimeen in the year 1920.
In the year 1921 the Iraqi national government was formed so Rusafi returned to Baghdad
And was appointed deputy to the chairman of the committee of translation and authorship, and published in the year 1923
Al Amal newspaper and was appointed inspector of the Arabic language at the ministry of education.
He then moved after this position to Dar Al Moalimeen to teach the Arabic language.
Maarouf Al Rusafi held the parliament seat 5 times in a row
And in the year 1933 he left work with coefficient of state and the national council
and moved to Fallujah to devote himself to reading and writing
Then the revolution of Rashid Ali Kilani in Baghdad occurred and he was one of their speakers.
Rusafi left behind poems in two parts in addition to 17 compositions.
The most prominent of them is “School Anthems” and “Talisman of Teaching and Education.”
On the 16th of March in the year 1945 Maarouf Rusafi passed away in Al Adhamiya and was buried in Khayzoran cemetery,
Leaving a legacy of poetry and from what he has composed:
“The morning of festivity has peered in the East listening to the noise of happiness which goes and comes
Rising to the blatant pride with purpose, the tyrants fall to its grant and prostrate
But write to the instrument of advancement to the surmount, for I am with my death by it but a signer.”